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CEO: Gary Pruitt
The Associated Press is the world's leading
news-gathering service supplying thousands of daily newspaper,
radio, television and online customers 24 hours a day. It is
the largest and oldest news organization in the world, serving
as a source of news, photos, graphics, audio and video for more
than one billion people a day.
AP operates as a not-for-profit cooperative with over 3,200 employees working in 282 locations worldwide, including every U.S. statehouse. More than 2/3 of employees are journalists. AP is owned by its 1,332 U.S. daily newspaper members. They elect a board of directors that directs the cooperative. Media outlets pay an annual fee for use of AP's services.
AP supplies a steady stream of news around
the clock to its domestic members, international subscribers
and commercial customers. It has the industry's most sophisticated
digital photo network, a 24-hour continuously updated online
news service, a state-of-the-art television news service and
one of the largest radio networks in the United States. It also
has a commercial digital photo archive, a photo library housing
more than 10 million images and provides advertising management
In the U.S., the AP provides over 2,000 stories per day to 1,400 daily newspapers and over 5,000 radio and TV stations.
The Associated Press has received 51 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other news organization in the categories for which it can compete. It has 31 photo Pulitzers, the most of any news organization.
The AP has bureaus in all 50 states with headquarters in NY. In 2013, the AP reported revenues of $595.7 million, down from $622.5 million in 2012. Net income was $3.1 million.
Television stations made up 45% of revenues while newspapers generated 26%. The organization has been hurt by declining revenues at member newspapers over the past several years.
David Hale, publisher of the Journal of Commerce, meets with
James Gordon Bennett, publisher of the New York Herald. The two
agree to combine efforts to provide wider coverage of world events
by contributing to a general fund.
1848 - The
founding of The Associated Press dates from May 1848, when Hale's
efforts culminated in a meeting of ten men representing six New
York newspaper publishers in the offices of The New York Sun.
An agreement was reached to pool efforts for collecting international
news, and to offset the prohibitive cost of the telegraph. Horace
Greeley, founding editor of the New York Tribune, was also a
founder of The AP.
1849 - Daniel
Craig opens the first overseas bureau in Halifax, Nova Scotia,
to meet ships arriving from Europe. This enables the AP to telegraph
stories to newspapers before ships dock in New York.
The first news from Europe arrives directly by transoceanic cable.
Addressed to the AP, the cable contains 42 words summarizing
five stories in headline form and concludes: "Mutiny being
quelled, all India becoming tranquil."
Over objections from Western Union, the AP secures its first
leased telegraph wire, a 226-mile circuit between New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore and Washington, enabling AP to move news more quickly
Regional AP associations merge and the modern AP is incorporated
as a not-for-profit cooperative in New York City with Melville
E. Stone as its first general manager.
Using satellites, the AP transmits news photos between Honolulu
and London for the first time. The pictures were moved over 100,000
miles of circuits. The most widely published photo is Honolulu's
picture of Sweden's Crown Prince Carl Gustaf on the beach at
The AP-Dow Jones Economic Report, a joint
venture of The Associated Press and Dow Jones & Co., publishers
of The Wall Street Journal, is launched to gather financial news
from around the world.
The AP enters the age of electronic news transmission when copy
is sent from a computer screen in Columbia, S.C., to the main
computer in Atlanta and automatically relayed back on the South
Carolina broadcast wire.
Computers are used for writing, editing and filing stories to
AP's national news wire, replacing typewriters and Teletypesetters.
Shortly after, AP launches DataStream, which transmits the news
report at 1,200 words per minute.
The AP covers a major news event, Super Bowl XXX, without film
by using only digital cameras.
In 2008, the AP introduced the Mobile News
Network, a free service with articles for mobile phone users
Updated September 1, 2014